Finiqi

Sarande Albania

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Phoinike is located about 8 km inland from the city of Saranda, on the Ionian Sea coast in southern Albania, about 20 km from the Greek border. The territory, which belonged to the Hellenistic period of Kaonism – part of the Epirus kingdom – is rich in archaeological objects dating from the classical to the Byzantine period, in an untouched and characterized landscape, slightly further south from the lake the interior of Vivar, on which the ancient city of Butrinti was located. Numerous proofs of ancient sources (Polibi, Straboni, Tit Livi, Ptolemy, and later Prokopi and Hierokli) speak to us about the great wealth of the city, especially in the Hellenistic period, between the 3rd and 2nd century BCE, when the primary role is known of the city on the epirotic link. Generally speaking in good relations with the Roman Republic (perhaps not taking part in the aid given to several cities in the area of ​​Philip V and then Perseus of Macedonia in the period of collision with Rome), Phoinike organized within its walls the signing of the treaty that ended The First Macedonian War, a treatise known as the “Peace of Phoinics”. The city’s appropriateness persisted even in the imperial period, a period over which archeological documentation has increased much in recent years. During the Byzantine period the city continued its life for almost ten centuries, with a special interest, documented by Justinian Procopi, who supported important urban planning interventions. The Turkish invasion, for which Ugolini found archaeological traces talking about a violent invasion, ended the old town’s history, which later remained a small village at the foot of the acropolis hill, Finiqi, which still exists. Luigi Ugolini’s research findings were quickly summed up in an important monograph published in 1932, a monograph that is still a very important work for the city today. The strong wall enclosure, which Ugolini closely analyzed and whose chronology was fixed at the time, should be traced further to understand the extent and the periods, as the recent studies of Albanian archaeologists have shown.

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